Akamai Reports Fourth Quarter 2020 And Full-Year 2020 Financial Results

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Feb. 9, 2021 /PRNewswire/ —

Akamai Technologies, Inc. logo (PRNewsfoto/Akamai Technologies, Inc.)
Akamai Technologies, Inc. logo (PRNewsfoto/Akamai Technologies, Inc.)

Fourth quarter highlights

  • Revenue of $846 million, up 10% year-over-year and up 8% when adjusted for foreign exchange*

  • GAAP EPS of $0.68 and non-GAAP EPS* of $1.33

Full-year highlights

  • Revenue of $3.2 billion, up 11% year-over-year

  • GAAP EPS of $3.37 and non-GAAP EPS* of $5.22

  • GAAP operating margin of 21% and non-GAAP operating margin* of 31%, exceeding 30% goal

  • Cloud Security Solutions revenue exceeded $1 billion and grew 25% year-over-year

Akamai Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ: AKAM), the world’s most trusted solution for securing and delivering digital experiences, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and full-year ended December 31, 2020.

“Akamai’s strong fourth quarter performance capped off an excellent year in which we surpassed $3 billion in revenue and achieved record earnings per share,” said Dr. Tom Leighton, CEO of Akamai. “In addition, our security portfolio exceeded $1 billion in revenue, we delivered record traffic levels on our network and we accomplished our 30% non-GAAP operating margin goal. I am very proud of how the Akamai team supported our global customers and billions of internet users who relied on the internet more than ever before during the COVID-19 pandemic. As we look forward to 2021, we expect to continue investing in innovation and new products with the goal of accelerating our market leadership in security, edge computing and video streaming.”

Akamai delivered the following results for the fourth quarter and full-year ended December 31, 2020:

Revenue: Revenue for the fourth quarter was $846 million, a 10% increase over fourth quarter 2019 revenue of $772 million and an 8% increase when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Total revenue for 2020 was $3.198 billion compared to $2.894 billion for 2019, up 11% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue by Division(1):

  • Web Division revenue for the fourth quarter was $438 million, up 5% year-over-year and up 4% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Web Division revenue for 2020 was $1.666 billion, up 7% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Media and Carrier Division revenue for the fourth quarter was $408 million, up 15% year-over-year and up 14% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Media and Carrier Division revenue for 2020 was $1.532 billion, up 15% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue from Cloud Security Solutions(2):

  • Cloud Security Solutions revenue for the fourth quarter was $296 million, up 24% year-over-year and up 23% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Cloud Security Solutions revenue for 2020 was $1.062 billion, up 25% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers(3):

  • Revenue from Internet Platform Customers for the fourth quarter was $58 million, up 11% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Internet Platform Customers revenue for 2020 was $204 million, up 8% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers for the fourth quarter was $789 million, up 9% year-over-year and up 8% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers for 2020 was $2.994 billion, up 11% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue by Geography:

  • U.S. revenue for the fourth quarter was $467 million, up 5% year-over-year. U.S. revenue for 2020 was $1.777 billion, up 5% year-over-year.

  • International revenue for the fourth quarter was $379 million, up 16% year-over-year and up 13% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* International revenue for 2020 was $1.421 billion, up 18% year-over-year and up 19% when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Income from operations: GAAP income from operations for the fourth quarter was $135 million, relatively flat from fourth quarter 2019 income from operations of $135 million. GAAP operating margin for the fourth quarter was 16%, down 2 percentage points from the same period last year. GAAP income from operations for 2020 was $659 million, a 20% increase from the prior year’s GAAP income from operations of $549 million. Full-year GAAP operating margin was 21%, up 2 percentage points from the same period last year.

Non-GAAP income from operations* for the fourth quarter was $256 million, a 15% increase from fourth quarter 2019 non-GAAP income from operations of $222 million. Non-GAAP operating margin* for the fourth quarter was 30%, up 1 percentage point from the same period last year. Non-GAAP income from operations* for 2020 was $994 million, an 18% increase from the prior year’s non-GAAP income from operations of $844 million. Full year non-GAAP operating margin* was 31%, up 2 percentage points from the same period last year.

Net income: GAAP net income for the fourth quarter was $113 million, a 5% decrease from fourth quarter 2019 GAAP net income of $119 million. GAAP net income for 2020 was $557 million, a 17% increase from the prior year’s GAAP net income of $478 million.

Non-GAAP net income* for the fourth quarter was $220 million, a 9% increase from fourth quarter 2019 non-GAAP net income of $202 million. Non-GAAP net income* for 2020 was $858 million, a 16% increase from the prior year’s non-GAAP net income of $739 million.

EPS: GAAP EPS for the fourth quarter was $0.68 per diluted share, a 7% decrease from fourth quarter 2019 GAAP EPS of $0.73 and an 11% decrease when adjusted for foreign exchange.* GAAP EPS for 2020 was $3.37 per diluted share, a 16% increase from prior year’s GAAP EPS of $2.90 per diluted share and a 16% increase when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Non-GAAP EPS* for the fourth quarter was $1.33 per diluted share, an 8% increase from fourth quarter 2019 non-GAAP EPS of $1.23 and a 6% increase when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Non-GAAP EPS* for 2020 was $5.22 per diluted share, a 16% increase from prior year’s non-GAAP EPS of $4.49 per diluted share and a 16% increase when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Adjusted EBITDA*: Adjusted EBITDA* for the fourth quarter was $364 million, a 14% increase from fourth quarter 2019 Adjusted EBITDA of $319 million. Adjusted EBITDA margin* for the fourth quarter was 43%, up 2 percentage points from the same period last year. Adjusted EBITDA* for 2020 was $1.397 billion, a 15% increase from the prior year’s Adjusted EBITDA of $1.211 billion. Adjusted EBITDA margin* was 44%, up 2 percentage points from the same period last year.

Supplemental cash information: Cash from operations for the quarter was $291 million, or 34% of revenue. Cash from operations for 2020 was $1.215 billion, or 38% of revenue. Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities was $2.5 billion as of December 31, 2020.

Share repurchases: The Company spent $72.5 million in the fourth quarter to repurchase 0.7 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $103.32 per share. For the full-year, the Company spent $193.6 million to repurchase 2.0 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $98.53 per share. The Company had 163 million shares of common stock outstanding as of December 31, 2020.

*

See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for definitions

(1)

Revenue by Division – A customer-focused reporting view that reflects revenue from customers that are managed by the division

(2)

Revenue from Cloud Security Solutions – A product-focused reporting view that reflects revenue from Cloud Security Solutions separately from all other solution categories

(3)

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers – Revenue from large Internet platform companies: Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Netflix

Quarterly Conference Call
Akamai will host a conference call today at 4:30 p.m. ET that can be accessed through 1-844-578-9671 (or 1-508-637-5655 for international calls) and using passcode 1944449. A live webcast of the call may be accessed at www.akamai.com in the Investor section. In addition, a replay of the call will be available for two weeks following the conference by calling 1-855-859-2056 (or 1-404-537-3406 for international calls) and using passcode 1944449. The archived webcast of this event may be accessed through the Akamai website.

About Akamai
Akamai secures and delivers digital experiences for the world’s largest companies. Akamai’s intelligent edge platform surrounds everything, from the enterprise to the cloud, so customers and their businesses can be fast, smart, and secure. Top brands globally rely on Akamai to help them realize competitive advantage through agile solutions that extend the power of their multi-cloud architectures. Akamai keeps decisions, apps and experiences closer to users than anyone – and attacks and threats far away. Akamai’s portfolio of edge security, web and mobile performance, enterprise access and video delivery solutions is supported by unmatched customer service, analytics and 24/7/365 monitoring. To learn why the world’s top brands trust Akamai, visit www.akamai.com, blogs.akamai.com, or @Akamai on Twitter.

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

352,917

$

393,745

Marketable securities

745,156

1,143,249

Accounts receivable, net

660,052

551,943

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

171,406

142,676

Total current assets

1,929,531

2,231,613

Marketable securities

1,398,802

835,384

Property and equipment, net

1,478,272

1,152,153

Operating lease right-of-use assets

793,945

758,450

Acquired intangible assets, net

234,724

179,431

Goodwill

1,674,371

1,600,265

Deferred income tax assets

106,918

76,528

Other assets

147,567

173,062

Total assets

$

7,764,130

$

7,006,886

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

118,546

$

138,946

Accrued expenses

380,468

334,861

Deferred revenue

76,600

71,223

Operating lease liabilities

154,801

139,463

Other current liabilities

27,755

8,843

Total current liabilities

758,170

693,336

Deferred revenue

5,262

4,368

Deferred income tax liabilities

37,458

29,187

Convertible senior notes

1,906,707

1,839,791

Operating lease liabilities

715,404

692,181

Other liabilities

89,833

90,065

Total liabilities

3,512,834

3,348,928

Total stockholders’ equity

4,251,296

3,657,958

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

7,764,130

$

7,006,886

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands, except per share data)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Revenue

$

846,287

$

792,845

$

772,123

$

3,198,149

$

2,893,617

Costs and operating expenses:

Cost of revenue (1) (2)

303,847

283,439

257,750

1,132,672

987,624

Research and development (1)

67,228

66,773

68,898

269,315

261,365

Sales and marketing (1)

140,401

122,749

140,243

510,405

523,883

General and administrative (1) (2)

162,453

128,365

149,926

547,888

516,093

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

10,894

10,340

9,710

42,049

38,581

Restructuring charge

26,847

21

10,274

37,286

17,153

Total costs and operating expenses

711,670

611,687

636,801

2,539,615

2,344,699

Income from operations

134,617

181,158

135,322

658,534

548,918

Interest income

6,270

6,307

11,402

29,122

34,355

Interest expense

(17,342)

(17,324)

(16,675)

(69,120)

(49,364)

Other income (expense), net

5,415

(2,158)

(609)

(2,454)

(1,428)

Income before provision for income taxes

128,960

167,983

129,440

616,082

532,481

Provision for income taxes

(4,158)

(8,801)

(10,632)

(45,922)

(53,350)

(Loss) income from equity method investment

(11,432)

(559)

292

(13,106)

(1,096)

Net income

$

113,370

$

158,623

$

119,100

$

557,054

$

478,035

Net income per share:

Basic

$

0.70

$

0.97

$

0.74

$

3.43

$

2.94

Diluted

$

0.68

$

0.95

$

0.73

$

3.37

$

2.90

Shares used in per share calculations:

Basic

162,798

162,757

161,737

162,490

162,706

Diluted

165,879

166,519

163,930

165,213

164,573

(1)

Includes stock-based compensation (see supplemental table for figures)

(2)

Includes depreciation and amortization (see supplemental table for figures)

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income

$

113,370

$

158,623

$

119,100

$

557,054

$

478,035

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

127,708

118,893

115,800

478,389

440,674

Stock-based compensation

50,510

50,217

46,878

197,411

187,140

(Benefit) provision for deferred income taxes

(11,273)

(33,942)

(23,648)

(33,821)

933

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

15,766

15,747

15,096

62,823

45,857

Other non-cash reconciling items, net

6,743

1,480

4,750

23,027

8,528

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:

Accounts receivable

(4,942)

20,107

(26,327)

(90,381)

(64,471)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

(4,015)

(11,401)

23,352

(25,395)

11,689

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

(10,607)

97,220

38,210

39,211

8,769

Deferred revenue

(16,121)

(6,539)

(30,261)

(1,318)

(13,547)

Other current liabilities

19,739

(523)

4,620

18,101

(17,230)

Other non-current assets and liabilities

4,215

(7,909)

(5,430)

(10,101)

(28,073)

Net cash provided by operating activities

291,093

401,973

282,140

1,215,000

1,058,304

Cash flows from investing activities:

Cash paid for acquired businesses, net of cash acquired

(128,105)

(43,920)

(127,999)

(165,329)

Cash paid for asset acquisition

(36,376)

Cash paid for equity method investment

(36,008)

Purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs

(167,445)

(228,759)

(133,666)

(731,872)

(562,077)

Purchases of short- and long-term marketable securities

(629,323)

(311,010)

(616,585)

(1,782,849)

(1,990,148)

Proceeds from sales and maturities of short- and long-term marketable securities

296,838

317,163

205,903

1,628,001

1,085,229

Other non-current assets and liabilities

10,101

(2,059)

(1,496)

8,121

399

Net cash used in investing activities

(617,934)

(224,665)

(589,764)

(1,042,974)

(1,667,934)

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS, continued

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Cash flows from financing activities:

Proceeds from the issuance of convertible senior notes

1,135,629

Proceeds from the issuance of warrants

185,150

Purchase of note hedge related to convertible senior notes

(312,225)

Repayment of convertible senior notes

(690,000)

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock under stock plans

13,963

16,007

13,908

59,775

57,112

Employee taxes paid related to net share settlement of stock-based awards

(12,529)

(13,369)

(14,150)

(89,828)

(75,266)

Repurchases of common stock

(72,510)

(13,198)

(42,731)

(193,588)

(334,519)

Other non-current assets and liabilities

(1,558)

Net cash used in financing activities

(71,076)

(10,560)

(42,973)

(223,641)

(35,677)

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

7,400

4,363

5,116

10,935

2,466

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(390,517)

171,111

(345,481)

(40,680)

(642,841)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

743,983

572,872

739,627

394,146

1,036,987

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

353,466

$

743,983

$

394,146

$

353,466

$

394,146

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA REVENUE BY DIVISION

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019 (1)

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019 (1)

Web Division

$

437,904

$

418,064

$

416,830

$

1,666,305

$

1,556,252

Media and Carrier Division

408,383

374,781

355,293

1,531,844

1,337,365

Total revenue

$

846,287

$

792,845

$

772,123

$

3,198,149

$

2,893,617

Revenue growth rates year-over-year:

Web Division

5

%

8

%

9

%

7

%

8

%

Media and Carrier Division

15

16

8

15

5

Total revenue

10

%

12

%

8

%

11

%

7

%

Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates (2):

Web Division

4

%

7

%

9

%

7

%

9

%

Media and Carrier Division

14

16

8

15

6

Total revenue

8

%

11

%

9

%

11

%

8

%

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA REVENUE FROM CLOUD SECURITY SOLUTIONS

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Cloud Security Solutions (3)

$

296,137

$

265,869

$

237,913

$

1,061,622

$

848,733

CDN and other solutions (4)

550,150

526,976

534,210

2,136,527

2,044,884

Total revenue

$

846,287

$

792,845

$

772,123

$

3,198,149

$

2,893,617

Revenue growth rates year-over-year:

Cloud Security Solutions (3)

24

%

23

%

29

%

25

%

29

%

CDN and other solutions (4)

3

7

1

4

(1)

Total revenue

10

%

12

%

8

%

11

%

7

%

Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates (2):

Cloud Security Solutions (3)

23

%

23

%

29

%

25

%

30

%

CDN and other solutions (4)

2

6

1

4

1

Total revenue

8

%

11

%

9

%

11

%

8

%

(1)

As of January 1, 2020, Akamai reassigned some of its customers from the Media and Carrier Division to the Web Division and revised historical results in order to reflect the most recent categorization and to provide a comparable view for all periods presented. As the purchasing patterns and required account expertise of customers change over time, Akamai may reassign a customer’s division from one to another.

(2)

See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for a definition

(3)

Cloud Security Solutions revenue represents revenue from the Security Technology Group, which will be formed on March 1, 2021

(4)

CDN and other solutions revenue represents revenue from the Edge Technology Group, which will be formed on March 1, 2021

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA REVENUE FROM INTERNET PLATFORM CUSTOMERS

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers

$

57,677

$

50,618

$

51,927

$

203,749

$

189,428

Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers

788,610

742,227

720,196

2,994,400

2,704,189

Total revenue

$

846,287

$

792,845

$

772,123

$

3,198,149

$

2,893,617

Revenue growth rates year-over-year:

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers

11

%

15

%

20

%

8

%

8

%

Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers

9

11

7

11

6

Total revenue

10

%

12

%

8

%

11

%

7

%

Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates(1):

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers

11

%

15

%

20

%

8

%

8

%

Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers

8

11

8

11

8

Total revenue

8

%

11

%

9

%

11

%

8

%

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

U.S.

$

467,456

$

437,381

$

446,036

$

1,777,435

$

1,694,211

International

378,831

355,464

326,087

1,420,714

1,199,406

Total revenue

$

846,287

$

792,845

$

772,123

$

3,198,149

$

2,893,617

Revenue growth rates year-over-year:

U.S.

5

%

6

%

3

%

5

%

1

%

International

16

20

17

18

16

Total revenue

10

%

12

%

8

%

11

%

7

%

Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates(1):

U.S.

5

%

6

%

3

%

5

%

1

%

International

13

18

18

19

20

Total revenue

8

%

11

%

9

%

11

%

8

%

(1)

See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for a definition

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATING EXPENSE DATA

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

General and administrative expenses:

Payroll and related costs

$

51,759

$

50,159

$

48,984

$

199,992

$

194,232

Stock-based compensation

14,834

14,302

12,808

58,470

52,826

Depreciation and amortization

21,189

20,554

22,167

82,862

78,587

Facilities-related costs

25,136

25,099

27,196

98,805

90,674

(Benefit) provision for doubtful accounts

(584)

(1,627)

(414)

2,881

1,924

Acquisition-related costs

4,390

1,051

726

5,579

1,920

Legal settlements

10,000

275

10,000

License of patent

(8,855)

Endowment of Akamai Foundation

20,000

20,000

Professional fees and other expenses

25,729

18,827

28,459

79,024

94,785

Total general and administrative expenses

$

162,453

$

128,365

$

149,926

$

547,888

$

516,093

General and administrative expenses–functional(1):

Global functions

$

51,476

$

47,559

$

51,416

$

193,719

$

198,077

As a percentage of revenue

6

%

6

%

7

%

6

%

7

%

Infrastructure

87,172

81,365

88,198

325,434

307,500

As a percentage of revenue

10

%

10

%

11

%

10

%

11

%

Other

23,805

(559)

10,312

28,735

10,516

Total general and administrative expenses

$

162,453

$

128,365

$

149,926

$

547,888

$

516,093

As a percentage of revenue

19

%

16

%

19

%

17

%

18

%

Stock-based compensation:

Cost of revenue

$

6,455

$

6,384

$

5,562

$

24,829

$

22,479

Research and development

12,519

12,722

12,742

48,855

49,685

Sales and marketing

16,702

16,809

15,766

65,257

62,150

General and administrative

14,834

14,302

12,808

58,470

52,826

Total stock-based compensation

$

50,510

$

50,217

$

46,878

$

197,411

$

187,140

(1)

Global functions expense includes payroll, stock-based compensation and other employee-related costs for administrative functions, including finance, purchasing, order entry, human resources, legal, information technology and executive personnel, as well as third-party professional service fees. Infrastructure expense includes payroll, stock-based compensation and other employee-related costs for our network infrastructure functions, as well as facility rent expense, depreciation and amortization of facility and IT-related assets, software and software-related costs, business insurance and taxes. Our network infrastructure function is responsible for network planning, sourcing, architecture evaluation and platform security. Other expense includes acquisition-related costs, allowance for doubtful accounts, the license of a patent, legal settlements, transformation costs and the endowments of the Akamai Foundation.

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

OTHER SUPPLEMENTAL DATA

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands, except end of period statistics)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Depreciation and amortization:

Network-related depreciation

$

48,824

$

42,991

$

34,186

$

167,018

$

125,588

Capitalized internal-use software development amortization

38,682

37,572

41,501

155,187

165,240

Other depreciation and amortization

20,662

20,081

21,703

80,955

76,827

Depreciation of property and equipment

108,168

100,644

97,390

403,160

367,655

Capitalized stock-based compensation amortization(1)

7,737

7,078

7,747

29,631

30,613

Capitalized interest expense amortization(1)

909

831

953

3,549

3,825

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

10,894

10,340

9,710

42,049

38,581

Total depreciation and amortization

$

127,708

$

118,893

$

115,800

$

478,389

$

440,674

Capital expenditures, excluding stock-based compensation and interest expense(2)(3):

Purchases of property and equipment

$

138,140

$

144,155

$

122,560

$

509,404

$

406,854

Capitalized internal-use software development costs

56,634

55,885

50,497

217,120

202,691

Total capital expenditures, excluding stock-based compensation and interest expense

$

194,774

$

200,040

$

173,057

$

726,524

$

609,545

End of period statistics:

Number of employees

8,368

8,155

7,724

(1)

Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and interest expense in this table excludes amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and interest expense capitalized as part of the implementation of cloud-computing arrangements. However, the amounts are included in our total amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and interest expense that is excluded from our non-GAAP measures (see reconciliations of GAAP to non-GAAP measures).

(2)

Capital expenditures presented in this table are reported on an accrual basis, which differs from the cash-basis presentation in the statements of cash flows. The primary difference between the two is the change in purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs accrued for, but not paid, at period end versus prior periods.

(3)

See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for a definition.

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP INCOME FROM OPERATIONS AND NET INCOME

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,

2020

September 30,

2020

December 31,

2019

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

Income from operations

$

134,617

$

181,158

$

135,322

$

658,534

$

548,918

GAAP operating margin

16

%

23

%

18

%

21

%

19

%

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

10,894

10,340

9,710

42,049

38,581

Stock-based compensation

50,510

50,217

46,878

197,411

187,140

Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and capitalized interest expense

8,662

7,913

8,700

33,202

34,438

Restructuring charge

26,847

21

10,274

37,286

17,153

Acquisition-related costs

4,390

1,051

726

5,579

1,920

Legal settlements

10,000

275

10,000

Endowment of Akamai Foundation

20,000

20,000

Transformation costs

5,527

Operating adjustments

121,303

69,542

86,288

335,802

294,759

Non-GAAP income from operations

$

255,920

$

250,700

$

221,610

$

994,336

$

843,677

Non-GAAP operating margin

30

%

32

%

29

%

31

%

29

%

Net income

$

113,370

$

158,623

$

119,100

$

557,054

$

478,035

Operating adjustments (from above)

121,303

69,542

86,288

335,802

294,759

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

15,766

15,747

15,096

62,823

45,857

(Gain) loss on investments

(7,228)

500

(7,228)

60

Loss (income) from equity method investment

11,432

559

(292)

13,106

1,096

Income tax-effect of above non-GAAP adjustments and certain discrete tax items

(34,799)

(28,689)

(19,099)

(103,280)

(80,488)

Non-GAAP net income

$

219,844

$

215,782

$

201,593

$

858,277

$

739,319

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP NET INCOME PER DILUTED SHARE

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands, except per share data)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

GAAP net income per diluted share

$

0.68

$

0.95

$

0.73

$

3.37

$

2.90

Adjustments to net income:

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

0.07

0.06

0.06

0.25

0.23

Stock-based compensation

0.30

0.30

0.29

1.19

1.14

Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and capitalized interest expense

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.20

0.21

Restructuring charge

0.16

0.06

0.23

0.10

Acquisition-related costs

0.03

0.01

0.03

0.01

Legal settlements

0.06

0.06

Endowment of Akamai Foundation

0.12

0.12

Transformation costs

0.03

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

0.10

0.09

0.09

0.38

0.28

(Gain) loss on investments

(0.04)

(0.04)

Loss (income) from equity method investment

0.07

0.08

0.01

Income tax effect of above non-GAAP adjustments and certain discrete tax items

(0.21)

(0.17)

(0.12)

(0.63)

(0.49)

Adjustment for shares (1)

0.02

0.04

Non-GAAP net income per diluted share

$

1.33

$

1.31

$

1.23

$

5.22

$

4.49

Shares used in diluted per share calculations

165,879

166,519

163,930

165,213

164,573

Impact of benefit from note hedge transactions (1)

(1,105)

(1,732)

(873)

Shares used in non-GAAP diluted per share calculations (1)

164,774

164,787

163,930

164,340

164,573

(1)

Shares used in non-GAAP diluted per share calculations have been adjusted for the three-months and year ended December 31, 2020, for the benefit of Akamai’s note hedge transactions. During the last three quarters of 2020, Akamai’s average stock price was in excess of $95.10, which is the initial conversion price of Akamai’s convertible senior notes due in 2025. See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for further definition.

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP NET INCOME TO ADJUSTED EBITDA

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31,
2020

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

December 31,
2020

December 31,
2019

Net income

$

113,370

$

158,623

$

119,100

$

557,054

$

478,035

Interest income

(6,270)

(6,307)

(11,402)

(29,122)

(34,355)

Provision for income taxes

4,158

8,801

10,632

45,922

53,350

Depreciation and amortization

108,168

100,644

97,390

403,160

367,655

Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and capitalized interest expense

8,662

7,913

8,700

33,202

34,438

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

10,894

10,340

9,710

42,049

38,581

Stock-based compensation

50,510

50,217

46,878

197,411

187,140

Restructuring charge

26,847

21

10,274

37,286

17,153

Acquisition-related costs

4,390

1,051

726

5,579

1,920

Legal settlements

10,000

275

10,000

Endowment of Akamai Foundation

20,000

20,000

Transformation costs

5,527

Interest expense

17,342

17,324

16,675

69,120

49,364

(Gain) loss on investments

(7,228)

500

(7,228)

60

Loss (income) from equity method investment

11,432

559

(292)

13,106

1,096

Other expense, net

1,813

2,158

109

9,682

1,368

Adjusted EBITDA

$

364,088

$

351,344

$

319,000

$

1,397,496

$

1,211,332

Adjusted EBITDA margin

43

%

44

%

41

%

44

%

42

%

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to providing financial measurements based on generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), Akamai provides additional financial metrics that are not prepared in accordance with GAAP (non-GAAP). Management uses non-GAAP financial measures, in addition to GAAP financial measures, to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, for financial and operational decision making, for planning and forecasting purposes, to measure executive compensation and to evaluate Akamai’s financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are non-GAAP income from operations, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP net income per share, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, capital expenditures and impact of foreign currency exchange rates, as discussed below.

Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures reflect Akamai’s ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful comparisons and analysis of trends in the business, as they facilitate comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures enable investors to evaluate Akamai’s operating results and future prospects in the same manner as management. These non-GAAP financial measures may exclude expenses and gains that may be unusual in nature, infrequent or not reflective of Akamai’s ongoing operating results.

The non-GAAP financial measures do not replace the presentation of Akamai’s GAAP financial results and should only be used as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, Akamai’s financial results presented in accordance with GAAP. Akamai has provided a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure used in its financial reporting and investor presentations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. This reconciliation captioned “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures” can be found on the Investor Relations section of Akamai’s website.

The non-GAAP adjustments, and Akamai’s basis for excluding them from non-GAAP financial measures, are outlined below:

  • Amortization of acquired intangible assets – Akamai has incurred amortization of intangible assets, included in its GAAP financial statements, related to various acquisitions Akamai has made. The amount of an acquisition’s purchase price allocated to intangible assets and term of its related amortization can vary significantly and are unique to each acquisition; therefore, Akamai excludes amortization of acquired intangible assets from its non-GAAP financial measures to provide investors with a consistent basis for comparing pre- and post-acquisition operating results.

  • Stock-based compensation and amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation – Although stock-based compensation is an important aspect of the compensation paid to Akamai’s employees, the grant date fair value varies based on the stock price at the time of grant, varying valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of award types. This makes the comparison of Akamai’s current financial results to previous and future periods difficult to interpret; therefore, Akamai believes it is useful to exclude stock-based compensation and amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation from its non-GAAP financial measures in order to highlight the performance of Akamai’s core business and to be consistent with the way many investors evaluate its performance and compare its operating results to peer companies.

  • Acquisition-related costs – Acquisition-related costs include transaction fees, advisory fees, due diligence costs and other direct costs associated with strategic activities. In addition, subsequent adjustments to Akamai’s initial estimated amounts of contingent consideration and indemnification associated with specific acquisitions are included within acquisition-related costs. These amounts are impacted by the timing and size of the acquisitions. Akamai excludes acquisition-related costs from its non-GAAP financial measures to provide a useful comparison of Akamai’s operating results to prior periods and to its peer companies because such amounts vary significantly based on the magnitude of the acquisition transactions and do not reflect Akamai’s core operations.

  • Restructuring charges – Akamai has incurred restructuring charges that are included in its GAAP financial statements, primarily related to workforce reductions and estimated costs of existing facility lease commitments. Akamai excludes these items from its non-GAAP financial measures when evaluating its continuing business performance as such items vary significantly based on the magnitude of the restructuring action and do not reflect expected future operating expenses. In addition, these charges do not necessarily provide meaningful insight into the fundamentals of current or past operations of its business.

  • Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs and amortization of capitalized interest expense – In August 2019, Akamai issued $1,150 million of convertible senior notes due 2027 with a coupon interest rate of 0.375%. In May 2018, Akamai issued $1,150 million of convertible senior notes due 2025 with a coupon interest rate of 0.125%. In February 2014, Akamai issued $690 million of convertible senior notes due 2019 with a coupon interest rate of 0%. The imputed interest rates of these convertible senior notes were 3.10%, 4.26% and 3.20%, respectively. This is a result of the debt discounts recorded for the conversion features that are required to be separately accounted for as equity under GAAP, thereby reducing the carrying value of the convertible debt instruments. The debt discounts are amortized as interest expense together with the issuance costs of the debt. The interest expense excluded from Akamai’s non-GAAP results is comprised of these non-cash components and is excluded from management’s assessment of the company’s operating performance because management believes the non-cash expense is not representative of ongoing operating performance.

  • Gains and losses on investments – Akamai has recorded gains and losses from the disposition, changes to fair value and impairment of certain investments. Akamai believes excluding these amounts from its non-GAAP financial measures is useful to investors as the types of events giving rise to them are not representative of Akamai’s core business operations and ongoing operating performance.

  • Legal settlements – Akamai has incurred losses related to the settlement of legal matters. Akamai believes excluding these amounts from its non-GAAP financial measures is useful to investors as the types of events giving rise to them are not representative of Akamai’s core business operations.

  • Endowment of Akamai Foundation – Akamai has incurred expenses to endow the Akamai Foundation, a private corporate foundation dedicated to encouraging the next generation of technology innovators by supporting math and science education. Akamai’s first endowment was in 2018 to enable a permanent endowment for the Akamai Foundation to allow it to expand its reach. In the fourth quarter of 2020 Akamai supplemented the endowment to enable specific initiatives to increase diversity in the technology industry. Akamai believes excluding these amounts from non-GAAP financial measures is useful to investors as these infrequent and nearly one-time expenses are not representative of its core business operations.

  • Transformation costs – Akamai has incurred professional services fees associated with internal changes that are designed to improve its operating margins and that are part of a discrete planned transformation program intended to significantly change the manner in which business in conducted. Akamai believes excluding these amounts from its non-GAAP financial measures is useful to investors as the types of events and activities giving rise to them occur infrequently and are not representative of Akamai’s core business operations and ongoing operating performance.

  • Income and losses from equity method investment – Akamai records income or losses on its share of earnings and losses from its equity method investment. Akamai excludes such income and losses because it does not direct control over the operations of the investment and the related income and losses are not representative of its core business operations.

  • Income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments and certain discrete tax items – The non-GAAP adjustments described above are reported on a pre-tax basis. The income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments is the difference between GAAP and non-GAAP income tax expense. Non-GAAP income tax expense is computed on non-GAAP pre-tax income (GAAP pre-tax income adjusted for non-GAAP adjustments) and excludes certain discrete tax items (such as recording or releasing of valuation allowances), if any. Akamai believes that applying the non-GAAP adjustments and their related income tax effect allows Akamai to highlight income attributable to its core operations.

Akamai’s definitions of its non-GAAP financial measures are outlined below:

Non-GAAP income from operations – GAAP income from operations adjusted for the following items: amortization of acquired intangible assets; stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized interest expense; acquisition-related costs; restructuring charges; gains and losses on legal settlements; costs incurred related to endowments to the Akamai Foundation; transformation costs; and other non-recurring or unusual items that may arise from time to time.

Non-GAAP operating margin – Non-GAAP income from operations stated as a percentage of revenue.

Non-GAAP net income – GAAP net income adjusted for the following tax-affected items: amortization of acquired intangible assets; stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation; acquisition-related costs; restructuring charges; gains and losses on legal settlements; costs incurred related to endowments to the Akamai Foundation; transformation costs; amortization of debt discount and issuance costs; amortization of capitalized interest expense; certain gains and losses on investments; income and losses from equity method investment; and other non-recurring or unusual items that may arise from time to time.

Non-GAAP net income per share – Non-GAAP net income divided by weighted average diluted common shares outstanding. Diluted weighted average shares outstanding are adjusted in non-GAAP per share calculations for the shares that would be delivered to Akamai pursuant to the note hedge transactions entered into in connection with the issuances of $1,150 million of convertible senior notes due 2027 and 2025, respectively. Under GAAP, shares delivered under hedge transactions are not considered offsetting shares in the fully-diluted share calculation until they are delivered. However, the company would receive a benefit from the note hedge transactions and would not allow the dilution to occur, so management believes that adjusting for this benefit provides a meaningful view of operating performance. With respect to the convertible senior notes due in each of 2027 and 2025, unless Akamai’s weighted average stock price is greater than $116.18 and $95.10, respectively, the initial conversion price, there will be no difference between GAAP and non-GAAP diluted weighted average common shares outstanding.

Adjusted EBITDA – GAAP net income excluding the following items: interest income; income taxes; depreciation and amortization of tangible and intangible assets; stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation; acquisition-related costs; restructuring charges; gains and losses on legal settlements; costs incurred related to endowments to the Akamai Foundation; transformation costs; foreign exchange gains and losses; interest expense; amortization of capitalized interest expense; certain gains and losses on investments; income and losses on equity method investment; and other non-recurring or unusual items that may arise from time to time.

Adjusted EBITDA margin – Adjusted EBITDA stated as a percentage of revenue.

Capital expenditures, or capex, excluding stock-based compensation and interest expense – Purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs presented on an accrual basis, which differs from the cash-basis presentation included in the statements of cash flows. The primary difference between the two is the change in purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs accrued for, but not paid, at period end versus prior periods.

Impact of Foreign Currency Exchange Rate – Revenue and earnings from international operations have historically been an important contributor to Akamai’s financial results. Consequently, Akamai’s financial results have been impacted, and management expects they will continue to be impacted, by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. For example, when the local currencies of our foreign subsidiaries weaken, our consolidated results stated in U.S. dollars are negatively impacted.

Because exchange rates are a meaningful factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, management believes the presentation of the impact of foreign currency exchange rates on revenue and earnings enhances the understanding of our financial results and evaluation of performance in comparison to prior periods. The dollar impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates presented is calculated by translating current period results using monthly average foreign currency exchange rates from the comparative period and comparing them to the reported amount. The percentage change at constant currency presented is calculated by comparing the prior period amounts as reported and the current period amounts translated using the same monthly average foreign currency exchange rates from the comparative period.

Akamai Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
This release and/or our quarterly earnings conference call scheduled for later today contain information about future expectations, plans and prospects of Akamai’s management that constitute forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements about expected future financial performance. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors including, but not limited to, inability to continue to generate cash at the same level as prior years; failure to realize the expected benefits from our announced reorganization; failure of our investments in innovation to generate solutions that are accepted in the market; inability to increase our revenue at the same rate as in the past and keep our expenses from increasing at a greater rate than our revenues; impact of the COVID-19 pandemic; delay in developing or failure to develop new service offerings or functionalities, and if developed, lack of market acceptance of such service offerings and functionalities or failure of such solutions to operate as expected, and other factors that are discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and other documents periodically filed with the SEC.

In addition, the statements in this press release and on such call represent Akamai’s expectations and beliefs as of the date of this press release. Akamai anticipates that subsequent events and developments may cause these expectations and beliefs to change. However, while Akamai may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, it specifically disclaims any obligation to do so. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing Akamai’s expectations or beliefs as of any date subsequent to the date of this press release.

Contacts:
Gina Sorice
Media Relations
Akamai Technologies
646-320-4107
[email protected]

Tom Barth
Investor Relations
Akamai Technologies
617-274-7130
[email protected]

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SOURCE Akamai Technologies, Inc.